Monthly Archives: February 2015

1903 Ploughing Match at Darenth

1903 plough match ad 27-10-1903 SE gazette

On Thursday 5th November, 1903, the annual North Kent Agricultural Association Ploughing Match was held at Blackdale Farm, Darenth. The number of spectators was a record as many thousands of Kent and London people took advantage of the bright say and close proximity to Dartford to come and attend the Match. The farm’s well-drained soils were described as very suitable or the contest, as a day or so’s break from the incessant rain had proved sufficient to ‘render the ground in capital condition’.

There were 117 ploughs entered (slightly down on 1902’s 123 entries), and entries for other competitions were satisfactory, although the number of hard fruit entries was down, which was thought to be because of the adverse weather.

‘it is a stubborn fact that the old Kent wooden plough is foremost for excellent work on the heavy soils of the county. The wooden plough again triumphed in the competition for the best piece of work open to all kinds of plough.’

The notable feature was the general improvement in the ploughing, which is satisfactory as that is the aim of the Association. Although the entries were small, great interest was taken in the new class this year, eligible for farmers or farmers’ sons, and first honours were won by Mr E.J. Allen of Stone Hill, Wilmington.

Another great attraction was the motor ploughing, Mr Albone of Biggleswade was present with one of his Ivel motors and Messrs Drake & Fletcher (of Maidstone) had a rival appliance, both were motor vehicles trailing a plough…Speaking on the motor ploughing generally, the opinion with farmers was that the horse ploughing excelled; nevertheless, the motor would be economical, and there were other points in its favour, especially its adaptability to every kind of farm work, including heavy haulage, where power was required. The many uses of the motor, coupled with the fact that the cost is little more than a good team of horses, led one well-known farmer to remark “it has come to stay”. It is stated that for work petrol will only come to half the cost of fodder. In reaping and similar operations, it will be most effective.

Dan albone ivel tractor 1902

Source: Wikipedia Commons

 

The match had been organised by the committee, headed by Mr John Russell the veteran sportsman and father of the Association (of St John’s Sutton at Hone). The ploughing was completed by noon, and the prizes were presented by Mr. Algernon M. Fleet of Darenth, who had permitted the use of Blackdale Farm.

Ploughing categories
Champion turnrise ploughs
Ordinary turnrise ploughs
Champion iron balance ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs: 1st prize – R. Mitchell with Mr John Russell, Sutton at Hone
Ordinary iron balance ploughs or other iron one-way ploughs
Three horse abreast iron balance ploughs or other iron one-way ploughs (without drivers)
Champion iron ploughs: 1st prize – Arthur Turner, with Mr. V. Earle, Horton Kirby
Ordinary Iron Ploughs
Three horse abreast iron ploughs (without drivers)
Two horse iron ploughs (without drivers)

Special Classes
Silver Cup (value 5 guineas) offered by Messrs. Ransomes, Sim and Jeffries, Ltd, competed for by farmers, or farmers’ sons, with an iron balance or other iron one-way plough)
Special prize of 1 guinea each, offered by Mr. F.R. Stoneham for the best for the best piece of work with a turnrise plough
Special prize of 1 guinea each, offered by Mr. F.R. Stoneham for the best for the best piece of work with a iron plough
Special prizes of two English Silver watches awarded by Mr Stoneham, one each to the oldest and youngest ploughman who receives a prize.
Special prize of a silver watch offered by Mr John Russell (of St. John’s, Sutton at Hone) to the youngest ploughman who has competed for three consecutive years in the employ of the same master.
Special prize of a silver watch offered by Mr John Wood, Crockenhill, Swanley, to the ploughman longest in the employee of the same master.

Harnesses & Horses (one of the judges was Mr. Carl Hibbert, formerly with the R.H.A., and now proprietor of The Greyhound, Sutton at Hone)
Three horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)
Two horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)

Roots
Mangels, Long Red, upland grown: 1st prize – R. Brett, South Darenth
Mangel, Yellow Globe
Mangel – any other variety (marsh grown)
Turnips (market)
Beetroot
Parnips
Onions
Potatoes: 2nd prize – J. Langlands, Sutton-at-Hone
Brussels Sprouts
Savoy Cabbages
Veitch’s Autumn Giant Cauliflower
Coleworts (a form of cabbage)
Cabbages (cattle)
Market Cabbages: 1st prize – J. Langlands, Sutton-at-Hone
Kohl-rabi
Mangels (for Carter’s silver plate)
Swedes (for Carter’s silver plate)
Simes Mangel
Green Globe Turnip
Brussels
Messrs. R & H Strickland’s (Dartford) prizes for:
Brussels Sprouts grown with their Poudrette manure
Potatoes grown with their Poudrette manure
Cauliflowers grown with their Poudrette manure : 2nd prize – V. Earle, Horton Kirby
Market producer (prizes offered by Mr F.R. Stoneham, Erith
Sutton’s Mangels
Sutton’s Potatoes
Webb’s Swede
Webb’s Mangel
Wrench’s Mangel (Yellow Globe)
King of the Market Brussels Sprouts: 1st prize – V. Earle, Horton Kirby
Veitch’s Autumn Giant Cauliflower

veitch autumn gold cauliflower

Veitch’s Autumn Gold Cauliflower

Mangels, best dozen roots
Swede, best dozen roots
Potatoes, best twenty tubers
Best half-sieve Brussels Sprouts
Bets six heads Cauliflowers

Corn – classes for White Wheat, Red Wheat, Black Oats, Winter Oats
Malting Barley, Chevalier variety – 1st prize J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
White Oats (presented by Royal Artillery Draghunt, Woolwich) – 1st prize Cannon & Rogers, Horton Kirby

The annual dinner was held at 6.30pm that evening at the Bull Hotel, Dartford. The Chair was taken by Mr. A.M. Fleet, J.P. (of Darenth Grange), others present included Mr. John Russell (of Sutton at Hone), Sir William Hart-Dyke, M.P. (of Lullingstone Castle), Mr L.P. Kekewich (Chairman of the Association) and Capt Powerll, Master of the Royal Artillery Draghours, Woolwich.

In the speeches following the dinner, Sir William Hart-Dyke congratulated the members on the success of the meeting despite the recent difficulties of the weather, and referred to the apathy of town dwellers with regard to the position of agriculture.

Mr John Russell spoke of the great amount of work the arrangements of the Association entailed. He was glad to take the opportunity of thanking all their valued friends both sporting and non-sporting, including many members of the Stock Exchange for their great and constant liberality which had enabled them to give such handsome prizes to competitors.

1911 North Kent Ploughing Match at Dartford

 

1911 Ploughing Match annoucement

The advert for the event in the South Eastern Gazette on 31st October 1911

On Thursday 2nd November, 1911, the North Kent Agricultural Association Ploughing Match was held at Littlebrook Farm, Dartford, by kind permission of Mr Thomas Peerless.

There were 94 ploughs entered (compared with 87 in 1910) and they were all in the field by 7am, and at 8am they started their work of turning half an acre each, and the work had to be completed by 12pm.  All ploughmen and drivers competing in the competition were given a woollen Guernsey, which probably made a useful addition to the winter wardrobe.

All the classes saw an increase in entries from 1910. The Roots classes had 237 entries, 32 entries in Corn, 37 in Fruit and 37 in Hops. There were also twenty trade stands, including: Drake & Fletcher (Maidstone); H.S. Tett & Co Ltd (Sittingbourne & Faversham); Mr D. L. Pattulo (Orpington) showing potatoes; Day & Knight (Maidstone) showing animal medicines, and Molassine Co. (Greenwich).

1911 Molassine Company Greenwich ad

1911 advert for Molassine Meal

During the day there were Military Displays in a special enclosure by Non-Commissioned Officers of the Riding Establishment, Royal Horse Artillery, Woolwich, and there followed some horse jumping competitions which proved very popular.

The event itself was organised by a large Committee, the Hon. Secretary was Mr Charles Hind assisted by Mr. E. Ingman. The prizes were presented by Mrs Peerless.

The traditional dinner was cancelled out of respect to the memory of the late Mr John Russell. Mr Russell had died in August 1911 and had been Chairman of the Association for many years.

Ploughing categories
Champion Turnrise Ploughs
Ordinary Turnrise Ploughs
Champion Iron Balance Ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs
Ordinary Iron Balance Ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs
Three Horse Abreast Iron Balance Ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs (without drivers) – 1st J. Hopkins with Messrs Cannon & Rogers, Horton Kirby
Champion Iron Ploughs
Ordinary Iron Ploughs – 2nd prize Alf. A. Elliott with Mr J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Three Horse Abreast Iron Ploughs (without drivers) – 3rd prize E. Timms, with Messrs Cannon & Rogers, Horton Kirby
Two Horse Iron Ploughs (without drivers) – 1st prize J. Carcary, with Mr. J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone

Long Service Awards
An English silver watch was offered by Mr John Wood, Crockenhill, Swanley, to the ploughman over 35 years of age who had been the longest in the employee of the same master.
Winner – David Munns, aged 42, 23 years with Mr J. Brann, Chalk
An English silver watch was offered by Mr W. Foot Mitchell, J.P. to the ploughman under 35 years of age who had been the longest in the employee of the same master.
Winner – George Clements, with Mr W. J. H. McCall, Bexley Heath Asylum, 7 years, 9 months service.
An English silver watch presented by the London Sack & Basket Co. Ltd., Peckham, to the employee who has been in the service of the same master or on the same farm, without intermission.
Winner – Richard Simms, aged 75, with Mr. H. C. Stanles, Swanley – 66 years service.

Special Classes
For Farmers, farmers’ sons or farm pupils with an iron balance or other iron one-way plough
Silver Cup (value 5 guineas) offered by Mr A. M. Fleet, J.P. – won by Harry Redsell, Singlewell
2nd Prize (value 3 guineas) offered by Mr. Philip Champion – won by Thomas Greenless, Borden, Sittingbourne
Special prizes of £1 5s each awarded by Mr. F.R.Stoneham for the best piece of work with a turnrise plough, iron or wood, and for the best piece of wood done with an iron run round plough
W. T. Blake with Mr E J Allen, Wilmington, with an iron balance plough
T. Ager with Mr Peerless, with an iron run round plough
Special prizes of two English Silver watches awarded by Mrs Stoneham, one each to the oldest and youngest ploughman who receives a prize, and who must have been in the same employ not less than two years
Richard Atkins (aged 51, oldest) with Mr H. B. Hohler, Fawkham
Harry Hales (aged 22, youngest) with Mr J. H. Hales, Singlewell
Special prizes of 1 guinea each by Mr. R. Tickle, for the best “setting in”, “breaking out” and finsiing last furrow in both the run round and the one-way classes.
J. Davine, with Mr R. R. Berens, with a run-round plough
W. T. Blake with Mr E. J. Allen, Wilmington, with a one-way plough

Challenge Cups
A Silver Challenge Cup (value 5 guineas) presented to the Association by Mr W. Foot Mitchell, J.P., for the best piece of ploughing in the field
Winner – Thomas Ager with Mr. T. Peerless, Dartford
The John Russell Memorial Challenge Cup and added prize, presented to the Association by Mrs F.N. Kidd (daughter of the late Mr John Russell). The Employer received the Cup and the employee received 4 guineas.
Winner – Thomas Ager with Mr. T. Peerless, Dartford

Harnesses & Horses
Three horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)
Two horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)
Best groomed horses (waggoners whips awarded by Mrs Stoneham) for three and two horse teams
Two horse team – J. Carcary, with Mr J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Shepherds – the shepherd having the management of an entire flock of over 100 ewes, who has reared the greatest number of lambs in proportion to the number of ewes put to ram, under his daily management and care – 2 guineas presented by the West Kent Hunt. Winner – J. Terry with Mr L. Terry, Wrotham

Straw Binding (prizes by Messrs Dann & Lucas, Dartford)

Jumping

Roots
Mangels, Long Red, upland grown: 1st prize – G. Woolgar, South Darenth
Mangel, Yellow Global
Mangel – any other variety: 3rd prize – G. Woolgar, South Darenth
Swedes
Turnips
Cattle Cabbage
Kohl rabi
Beetroot
Parsnips
Carrots
Onions: 1st prize – P. Palmer, Horton Kirby
Potatoes
Cabbage – Brussels Sprouts
Voitch’s Autumn Giant Cauliflower
Coleworts
Market Cabbage
Messrs. James Carter & Co.’s prizes: Mangel : P. Palmer, Horton Kirby; Swedes
Messrs. Joseph Fison & Co.’s (Ipswich) prizes for Fertilisers
Messrs. R & H Strickland’s (Dartford) prizes for: Brussels Sprouts grown with their Poudrette manure; Potatoes grown with their Poudrette manure; Cauliflowers grown with their Poudrette manure – 1st prize (1 guinea) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Messrs. Sutton & Sons prizes: Mangels; Swedes
Messrs. E. Webb & Sons prizes: Swedes; Mangels

pattullo potato ad feb 1911

From February 1911, and it seems Mr Pattullo had moved by November

Mr David L. Pattullo, Potato Merchant & Grower, Orpington presented a prize:
For the best grown 20 specimen tubers of potatoes from seed supplied by him direct from Scotland during seasons, viz 1909-10, 1910-11 – Mr Boorman, Woking
Special 1 guinea prize for the best 12 roots of any variety of mangels
Special 1 guinea prize for the best 12 roots of any variety of swedes
Special 1 guinea prize for the best half-sieve of Brussels Sprouts
Special 1 guinea prize for the six heads of cauliflower

Corn – classes for White Wheat, Red Wheat, Malting Barley, Any Other Variety, White Oats, Black Oats, Winter Oats

Fruit
Market Growers – six trays of Culinary Apples (distinct varieties), Six trays of desert apples (distinct), Six trays of pears (distinct)
The best and heaviest collection of 12 culinary apples of one variety – 1st prize (1 guinea) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Twelve desert apples of one variety – 1st prize (1 guinea) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Best collection of apples not exceeding 12 varieties – 1st prize (2 guineas) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Best collection of outdoor and indoor fruit, not exceeding 12 varieties

Hops
Silver Cup (value 5 guineas) presented by Mr. E. Allen
Silver Cup (value 3 guineas) presented by Lord Tredegar
The hop dryer whose master produced the best managed sample of hops of his drying

Please note that generally only Sutton at Hone, Hawley, South Darenth and Horton Kirby prize winners have been listed.