Tag Archives: Sutton at Hone

29 September 1939 – National Registration Day

Eighty years ago on 29th September, in the first month of the Second World War, every one in the country was recorded on a form, issued and completed to each household, and the data was used to create National Identity cards. The form recorded the address, first and last name, gender, marital status, date of birth, and occupation.

The completed records give us a snapshot of who was living in the villages at the beginning of the war and often mentions what war work they undertook, although anyone who is still living has their record blacked out.

There is a “Cosy Tea Rooms” near Gostelow’s Butchers, and at Ship Meadows (where Longmarsh View was constructed after the war), had a group of showmen and their families staying on it along with several public works contractors.

At St John’s Jerusalem, Sir Stephen’s wife Lady Bridget and their daughter Miranda were at home, with a parlourmaid, housemaid, kitchenmaid and cook, and some other visitors including children. Sir Stephen himself is recorded as being at the BBC at Langham Place, alongwith four other colleagues, and was described as Controller BBC (Public Relations).

Strangely there is another entry for St John’s, after Cedar Lawn, which shows Miranda again as well as 15 blanked out entries. At Cedar Lawn, which is where Cedar Drive was built, the owner, Miss Russell, formerly of St John’s, had two ladies living with her who were described as “Official Helpers for Evacuated Children”.

At the top of Devon Road, at Hill Cottage, there are 28 blacked out records, so presumably there were 28 evacuees billeted at the house (which is boggling as the house is not that big….), and other houses in Devon Road do have large numbers of blanked out entries, which may mean that there were a large number of evacuees billeted with residents,

In Hawley, the Bull Hotel (now the Hawley Kitchen) had a number of fitters (armament workers) staying, and at Hawley Manor Mrs Mabel Temple Johnson, described as an invalid lived with her daughter Rosemary Wright, a maid, a lady’s maid as well as two more Official Helpers with Evacuated Children, although apparently not a large number of evacuated children.

The Vicar Caryl Sampson, was living at the Vicarage with his housekeeper, and was also described as Billeting Officer for Sutton at Hone, and seems to have had some evacuees living with him.

1912 – Two September weddings but only one actually happened

On Wednesday 4th September 1912, at the Dartford Wesleyan Church, Miss Ellen May Squire of Tyneholme, Hawley, got married. Whilst Ellen (or Helen according to the 1911 census) was born in Erith, her father Thomas Firth Squire was born in Gateshead, and his wife Jane was born in Northumberland, The family had been living in Lewisham in 1901, so had not lived in the parish for very long.

In the same edition of the Dartford Express, on Friday 6th September, there was this item

The following week there appeared this letter in the Dartford Express

So village gossip could spread far and wide. It seems likely that the author of the letter is Fanny Taylor, who was 24 at the time, and was probably thought to be the intended bride.

A Sutton man in Chicago

George Haydon was born in 8th March, 1889 at 1 Ship Lane, Sutton at Hone, and was baptised at St John’s on 26th May 1899, and was the son of Ernest and his wife Elizabeth (nee House). The couple had moved to Sutton at Hone from Berkshire in 1880, and lived at 1 Ship Lane with their children, and Edward was described as working in the paper mill in 1881

George and his siblings would have attended Sutton at Hone school, and what he did after school is unclear. His passage to America has not been traced but seems to have been before the 1911 census. His sister Alice would follow him and arrived in Boston in August 1911.

George and his brother Cecil both served during World War 1 as they are listed on the Absent Voters list for Sutton at Hone. George was listed as being a Private in 8th (Res) Grenadiers, and Cecil was a Gunner in the Royal Horse Artillery.

In June 1919 after discharge from the army, George sailed back to Chicago, and on his papers he is described as being single and a chef. It seems he stayed in the US.

Edward lived in the village for the rest of his life, dying at 7 Ship Lane in 1941, and Elizabeth had died in 1924.

A Village Midwife

April 1914 – Dartford Express

When I spotted this advert in the Dartford Express, I did not initially take much notice of the term Certified Midwife, but it was quite significant. By the beginning of the twentieth century, the medical establishment was keen regulate the training and practise of midwifery, and the 1902 Midwives Act outlawed uncertified and untrained midwives, although it was possible to be certified without formal training. It’s unclear what form of training Eliza Robey had, but she would not have been able to advertise for work without the certification. The fee of 10/6d may well have been beyond the means of some of the villagers, but perhaps she accepted payment in installments.

Eliza Robey and her husband James first appeared in the district in the 1871 census. Eliza was born in Oxford in about 1848, and her husband James was born in 1843 at Discot, and worked at the railway as a pumping engine driver. By the 1891 census, the couple had moved to 22 St John’s Terrace, Sutton at Hone. In the 1911 census, the couple are described as living at The Street (now Main Road), and Eliza states that she is a Certified Midwife. The 1918 electoral roll showed that the couple still lived at Andrus Cottage.

James Robey died in May 1919, and was buried in St John’s churchyard, and Eliza moved away to Lambeth at some point, and she died there in November 1927, but was buried with her husband in the churchyard. The couple had no children.

Remembering Dunkirk – 75 years later

The War Memorial lists three men who were lost during the evacuation of Dunkirk in May and June 1940

Douglas John Macpherson was born in Hawley,  joined the Royal Navy in 1926, and married in November 1934 at St John’s to Florence Amy Docksee, and the couple had two children. At the time of his death, Douglas’s family were living in Bexley.

Douglas was serving on HMS Boadicea, which had been in Chatham for a refit since the beginning of May 1940, and on the 9th June HMS Boadicea set sail for Le Havre, France to assist in the evacuation of British troops. On the 10th June, the warship was severely damaged by Junkers Ju 87 “Stuka” dive bombers that knocked out her engines and boilers. Douglas was an Engine Room Artificer 2nd Class, and so was probably killed during the raid.  He was buried at Alverstock Cemetery, Gosport.

HMS Boadicea

HMS Boadicea during WWII – Imperial War Museum

Richard Swaffer was serving as a Driver in the Royal Army Service Corps, and died during the retreat, his date of death is given as between 31st May and 1st June 1940.  He is buried in the De Panne Communal Cemetery in France.

Donald Eastburn Waterman was a 2nd Lieutenant in the 140 Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, having been a member of the Honorable Artillery Company before the war.  His father was Bertie Waterman, a well known Dartford Auctioneer, who lived in Wilmington (Donald is commemorated on the Wilmington War Memorial), and his mother helped raise funds for a Comfort Fund for troops in Wilmington. Donald was married, and he and his wife Chloe were living in Sutton at Hone in 1939.

Donald died between the 28th and the 31st of May and is buried in Dunkirk Town Cemetery. His death was not confirmed until October 1940.

1903 Ploughing Match at Darenth

1903 plough match ad 27-10-1903 SE gazette

On Thursday 5th November, 1903, the annual North Kent Agricultural Association Ploughing Match was held at Blackdale Farm, Darenth. The number of spectators was a record as many thousands of Kent and London people took advantage of the bright say and close proximity to Dartford to come and attend the Match. The farm’s well-drained soils were described as very suitable or the contest, as a day or so’s break from the incessant rain had proved sufficient to ‘render the ground in capital condition’.

There were 117 ploughs entered (slightly down on 1902’s 123 entries), and entries for other competitions were satisfactory, although the number of hard fruit entries was down, which was thought to be because of the adverse weather.

‘it is a stubborn fact that the old Kent wooden plough is foremost for excellent work on the heavy soils of the county. The wooden plough again triumphed in the competition for the best piece of work open to all kinds of plough.’

The notable feature was the general improvement in the ploughing, which is satisfactory as that is the aim of the Association. Although the entries were small, great interest was taken in the new class this year, eligible for farmers or farmers’ sons, and first honours were won by Mr E.J. Allen of Stone Hill, Wilmington.

Another great attraction was the motor ploughing, Mr Albone of Biggleswade was present with one of his Ivel motors and Messrs Drake & Fletcher (of Maidstone) had a rival appliance, both were motor vehicles trailing a plough…Speaking on the motor ploughing generally, the opinion with farmers was that the horse ploughing excelled; nevertheless, the motor would be economical, and there were other points in its favour, especially its adaptability to every kind of farm work, including heavy haulage, where power was required. The many uses of the motor, coupled with the fact that the cost is little more than a good team of horses, led one well-known farmer to remark “it has come to stay”. It is stated that for work petrol will only come to half the cost of fodder. In reaping and similar operations, it will be most effective.

Dan albone ivel tractor 1902

Source: Wikipedia Commons

 

The match had been organised by the committee, headed by Mr John Russell the veteran sportsman and father of the Association (of St John’s Sutton at Hone). The ploughing was completed by noon, and the prizes were presented by Mr. Algernon M. Fleet of Darenth, who had permitted the use of Blackdale Farm.

Ploughing categories
Champion turnrise ploughs
Ordinary turnrise ploughs
Champion iron balance ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs: 1st prize – R. Mitchell with Mr John Russell, Sutton at Hone
Ordinary iron balance ploughs or other iron one-way ploughs
Three horse abreast iron balance ploughs or other iron one-way ploughs (without drivers)
Champion iron ploughs: 1st prize – Arthur Turner, with Mr. V. Earle, Horton Kirby
Ordinary Iron Ploughs
Three horse abreast iron ploughs (without drivers)
Two horse iron ploughs (without drivers)

Special Classes
Silver Cup (value 5 guineas) offered by Messrs. Ransomes, Sim and Jeffries, Ltd, competed for by farmers, or farmers’ sons, with an iron balance or other iron one-way plough)
Special prize of 1 guinea each, offered by Mr. F.R. Stoneham for the best for the best piece of work with a turnrise plough
Special prize of 1 guinea each, offered by Mr. F.R. Stoneham for the best for the best piece of work with a iron plough
Special prizes of two English Silver watches awarded by Mr Stoneham, one each to the oldest and youngest ploughman who receives a prize.
Special prize of a silver watch offered by Mr John Russell (of St. John’s, Sutton at Hone) to the youngest ploughman who has competed for three consecutive years in the employ of the same master.
Special prize of a silver watch offered by Mr John Wood, Crockenhill, Swanley, to the ploughman longest in the employee of the same master.

Harnesses & Horses (one of the judges was Mr. Carl Hibbert, formerly with the R.H.A., and now proprietor of The Greyhound, Sutton at Hone)
Three horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)
Two horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)

Roots
Mangels, Long Red, upland grown: 1st prize – R. Brett, South Darenth
Mangel, Yellow Globe
Mangel – any other variety (marsh grown)
Turnips (market)
Beetroot
Parnips
Onions
Potatoes: 2nd prize – J. Langlands, Sutton-at-Hone
Brussels Sprouts
Savoy Cabbages
Veitch’s Autumn Giant Cauliflower
Coleworts (a form of cabbage)
Cabbages (cattle)
Market Cabbages: 1st prize – J. Langlands, Sutton-at-Hone
Kohl-rabi
Mangels (for Carter’s silver plate)
Swedes (for Carter’s silver plate)
Simes Mangel
Green Globe Turnip
Brussels
Messrs. R & H Strickland’s (Dartford) prizes for:
Brussels Sprouts grown with their Poudrette manure
Potatoes grown with their Poudrette manure
Cauliflowers grown with their Poudrette manure : 2nd prize – V. Earle, Horton Kirby
Market producer (prizes offered by Mr F.R. Stoneham, Erith
Sutton’s Mangels
Sutton’s Potatoes
Webb’s Swede
Webb’s Mangel
Wrench’s Mangel (Yellow Globe)
King of the Market Brussels Sprouts: 1st prize – V. Earle, Horton Kirby
Veitch’s Autumn Giant Cauliflower

veitch autumn gold cauliflower

Veitch’s Autumn Gold Cauliflower

Mangels, best dozen roots
Swede, best dozen roots
Potatoes, best twenty tubers
Best half-sieve Brussels Sprouts
Bets six heads Cauliflowers

Corn – classes for White Wheat, Red Wheat, Black Oats, Winter Oats
Malting Barley, Chevalier variety – 1st prize J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
White Oats (presented by Royal Artillery Draghunt, Woolwich) – 1st prize Cannon & Rogers, Horton Kirby

The annual dinner was held at 6.30pm that evening at the Bull Hotel, Dartford. The Chair was taken by Mr. A.M. Fleet, J.P. (of Darenth Grange), others present included Mr. John Russell (of Sutton at Hone), Sir William Hart-Dyke, M.P. (of Lullingstone Castle), Mr L.P. Kekewich (Chairman of the Association) and Capt Powerll, Master of the Royal Artillery Draghours, Woolwich.

In the speeches following the dinner, Sir William Hart-Dyke congratulated the members on the success of the meeting despite the recent difficulties of the weather, and referred to the apathy of town dwellers with regard to the position of agriculture.

Mr John Russell spoke of the great amount of work the arrangements of the Association entailed. He was glad to take the opportunity of thanking all their valued friends both sporting and non-sporting, including many members of the Stock Exchange for their great and constant liberality which had enabled them to give such handsome prizes to competitors.

1911 North Kent Ploughing Match at Dartford

 

1911 Ploughing Match annoucement

The advert for the event in the South Eastern Gazette on 31st October 1911

On Thursday 2nd November, 1911, the North Kent Agricultural Association Ploughing Match was held at Littlebrook Farm, Dartford, by kind permission of Mr Thomas Peerless.

There were 94 ploughs entered (compared with 87 in 1910) and they were all in the field by 7am, and at 8am they started their work of turning half an acre each, and the work had to be completed by 12pm.  All ploughmen and drivers competing in the competition were given a woollen Guernsey, which probably made a useful addition to the winter wardrobe.

All the classes saw an increase in entries from 1910. The Roots classes had 237 entries, 32 entries in Corn, 37 in Fruit and 37 in Hops. There were also twenty trade stands, including: Drake & Fletcher (Maidstone); H.S. Tett & Co Ltd (Sittingbourne & Faversham); Mr D. L. Pattulo (Orpington) showing potatoes; Day & Knight (Maidstone) showing animal medicines, and Molassine Co. (Greenwich).

1911 Molassine Company Greenwich ad

1911 advert for Molassine Meal

During the day there were Military Displays in a special enclosure by Non-Commissioned Officers of the Riding Establishment, Royal Horse Artillery, Woolwich, and there followed some horse jumping competitions which proved very popular.

The event itself was organised by a large Committee, the Hon. Secretary was Mr Charles Hind assisted by Mr. E. Ingman. The prizes were presented by Mrs Peerless.

The traditional dinner was cancelled out of respect to the memory of the late Mr John Russell. Mr Russell had died in August 1911 and had been Chairman of the Association for many years.

Ploughing categories
Champion Turnrise Ploughs
Ordinary Turnrise Ploughs
Champion Iron Balance Ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs
Ordinary Iron Balance Ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs
Three Horse Abreast Iron Balance Ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs (without drivers) – 1st J. Hopkins with Messrs Cannon & Rogers, Horton Kirby
Champion Iron Ploughs
Ordinary Iron Ploughs – 2nd prize Alf. A. Elliott with Mr J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Three Horse Abreast Iron Ploughs (without drivers) – 3rd prize E. Timms, with Messrs Cannon & Rogers, Horton Kirby
Two Horse Iron Ploughs (without drivers) – 1st prize J. Carcary, with Mr. J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone

Long Service Awards
An English silver watch was offered by Mr John Wood, Crockenhill, Swanley, to the ploughman over 35 years of age who had been the longest in the employee of the same master.
Winner – David Munns, aged 42, 23 years with Mr J. Brann, Chalk
An English silver watch was offered by Mr W. Foot Mitchell, J.P. to the ploughman under 35 years of age who had been the longest in the employee of the same master.
Winner – George Clements, with Mr W. J. H. McCall, Bexley Heath Asylum, 7 years, 9 months service.
An English silver watch presented by the London Sack & Basket Co. Ltd., Peckham, to the employee who has been in the service of the same master or on the same farm, without intermission.
Winner – Richard Simms, aged 75, with Mr. H. C. Stanles, Swanley – 66 years service.

Special Classes
For Farmers, farmers’ sons or farm pupils with an iron balance or other iron one-way plough
Silver Cup (value 5 guineas) offered by Mr A. M. Fleet, J.P. – won by Harry Redsell, Singlewell
2nd Prize (value 3 guineas) offered by Mr. Philip Champion – won by Thomas Greenless, Borden, Sittingbourne
Special prizes of £1 5s each awarded by Mr. F.R.Stoneham for the best piece of work with a turnrise plough, iron or wood, and for the best piece of wood done with an iron run round plough
W. T. Blake with Mr E J Allen, Wilmington, with an iron balance plough
T. Ager with Mr Peerless, with an iron run round plough
Special prizes of two English Silver watches awarded by Mrs Stoneham, one each to the oldest and youngest ploughman who receives a prize, and who must have been in the same employ not less than two years
Richard Atkins (aged 51, oldest) with Mr H. B. Hohler, Fawkham
Harry Hales (aged 22, youngest) with Mr J. H. Hales, Singlewell
Special prizes of 1 guinea each by Mr. R. Tickle, for the best “setting in”, “breaking out” and finsiing last furrow in both the run round and the one-way classes.
J. Davine, with Mr R. R. Berens, with a run-round plough
W. T. Blake with Mr E. J. Allen, Wilmington, with a one-way plough

Challenge Cups
A Silver Challenge Cup (value 5 guineas) presented to the Association by Mr W. Foot Mitchell, J.P., for the best piece of ploughing in the field
Winner – Thomas Ager with Mr. T. Peerless, Dartford
The John Russell Memorial Challenge Cup and added prize, presented to the Association by Mrs F.N. Kidd (daughter of the late Mr John Russell). The Employer received the Cup and the employee received 4 guineas.
Winner – Thomas Ager with Mr. T. Peerless, Dartford

Harnesses & Horses
Three horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)
Two horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)
Best groomed horses (waggoners whips awarded by Mrs Stoneham) for three and two horse teams
Two horse team – J. Carcary, with Mr J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Shepherds – the shepherd having the management of an entire flock of over 100 ewes, who has reared the greatest number of lambs in proportion to the number of ewes put to ram, under his daily management and care – 2 guineas presented by the West Kent Hunt. Winner – J. Terry with Mr L. Terry, Wrotham

Straw Binding (prizes by Messrs Dann & Lucas, Dartford)

Jumping

Roots
Mangels, Long Red, upland grown: 1st prize – G. Woolgar, South Darenth
Mangel, Yellow Global
Mangel – any other variety: 3rd prize – G. Woolgar, South Darenth
Swedes
Turnips
Cattle Cabbage
Kohl rabi
Beetroot
Parsnips
Carrots
Onions: 1st prize – P. Palmer, Horton Kirby
Potatoes
Cabbage – Brussels Sprouts
Voitch’s Autumn Giant Cauliflower
Coleworts
Market Cabbage
Messrs. James Carter & Co.’s prizes: Mangel : P. Palmer, Horton Kirby; Swedes
Messrs. Joseph Fison & Co.’s (Ipswich) prizes for Fertilisers
Messrs. R & H Strickland’s (Dartford) prizes for: Brussels Sprouts grown with their Poudrette manure; Potatoes grown with their Poudrette manure; Cauliflowers grown with their Poudrette manure – 1st prize (1 guinea) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Messrs. Sutton & Sons prizes: Mangels; Swedes
Messrs. E. Webb & Sons prizes: Swedes; Mangels

pattullo potato ad feb 1911

From February 1911, and it seems Mr Pattullo had moved by November

Mr David L. Pattullo, Potato Merchant & Grower, Orpington presented a prize:
For the best grown 20 specimen tubers of potatoes from seed supplied by him direct from Scotland during seasons, viz 1909-10, 1910-11 – Mr Boorman, Woking
Special 1 guinea prize for the best 12 roots of any variety of mangels
Special 1 guinea prize for the best 12 roots of any variety of swedes
Special 1 guinea prize for the best half-sieve of Brussels Sprouts
Special 1 guinea prize for the six heads of cauliflower

Corn – classes for White Wheat, Red Wheat, Malting Barley, Any Other Variety, White Oats, Black Oats, Winter Oats

Fruit
Market Growers – six trays of Culinary Apples (distinct varieties), Six trays of desert apples (distinct), Six trays of pears (distinct)
The best and heaviest collection of 12 culinary apples of one variety – 1st prize (1 guinea) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Twelve desert apples of one variety – 1st prize (1 guinea) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Best collection of apples not exceeding 12 varieties – 1st prize (2 guineas) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Best collection of outdoor and indoor fruit, not exceeding 12 varieties

Hops
Silver Cup (value 5 guineas) presented by Mr. E. Allen
Silver Cup (value 3 guineas) presented by Lord Tredegar
The hop dryer whose master produced the best managed sample of hops of his drying

Please note that generally only Sutton at Hone, Hawley, South Darenth and Horton Kirby prize winners have been listed.

Sutton Scouts who served in World War One

Thirty three former Boy Scouts and Leaders of the Sutton-at-Hone Boy Scouts Troop served during World War One, and three former Boy Scouts lost their lives and are commemorated on the War Memorial.

Thanks to an article published in the Dartford Chronicle on 7th February 1919, we know the names of all those former Boy Scouts who served during the Great War.

H. J . Kadwill – Scoutmaster – Jack Kadwill founded the Scout Troop, was the village Schoolmaster, a parish councillor, and lived in the School House by the School.  When teachers were allowed to join up, he joined the London Regiment and was a 2nd Lieutentant, 1/13 Brigade

T. Elliott – Assistant Scoutmaster

S. M. Smith – Assistant Scoutmaster

B. Elliott – believed to be Bertie Elliott, the brother of Charles and William Elliott, who were both killed in the Great War and are commemorated on the Sutton at Hone War Memorial.  Bertie served with the Army Ordnance Corps.

B. Turner – awarded the Military Medal

Arthur Charles Trimmer – lived at Alexander’s Cottages, Sutton at Hone and served in the Machine Gun Corps as a Private, No. 145389

George Mantle (Mantell in the  1911 census) – lived at 4 Ship Lane, Sutton at Hone and served with the 1/5th Battalion of the Royal West Kent Regiment as a Private, No. 240461

Hugh Taylor – lived at Lane Cottages, and served as a Gunner with the A/116 Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, No.71209

Harold Smith – Killed in Action

Alfred Cook

Thomas Ovenden – Killed in Action

H. Smith – Wounded twice

Hector Ovenden – brother of Thomas Ovenden, and lived at Cromwell Villas, Sutton at Hone.  Hector joined the Navy in 1915, at the age of 15, and served until 1920 when he was invalided out (possibly with TB).

Mornington Hibbert  -Both Hibbert brothers were the sons of Carl Hibbert, landlord of The Greyhound, Sutton at Hone, and Carl and all his seven sons served during the Great War. Mornington served as a Signaller with the Royal Horse & Royal Field Artillery at the Signalling Training Centre

Leonard Hibbert – youngest son of Carl Hibbert, born in 1901, no record of where he served has been traced.

George Gunner – Returned Prisoner of War – served with the Northumberland Fusiliers, and his family lived at The Stores, Lower Sutton.

B. Taylor

T. Davis

J. Smith

Arthur Budd

H. Bennett

Harry Stubbs – lived at 4 Fair View, Ash Road, Hawley,  before he joined up he had worked for J. & E. Hall in Dartford.  After joining up (probably in 1915), he served with the King’s Royal Rifles and went to the Western Front in March 1916.  Harry had become Lance-Corporal, but was wounded by a shell in early December 1916, and had an arm amputated that Christmas Eve in a hospital in France.

E. Richards

(Harry) Basil Packman – lived at Cromwell Villas, Sutton at Hone, and signed up for service on 8th August 1918 at the age of 22, and had been working as a tool fitter at Vickers in Dartford. Harry served with the 26th Battalion, Tank Regiment as a Private, No. 311086

Leslie Thorne – lived at Crown House, served with the Royal Field Artillery, 121 Brigade, as a Driver, No. 234273

Thomas L. Dancer – Tom lived at 24 St John’s Terrace, Sutton at Hone and was a nurseryman when he enlisted in 1916.  Tom was finally called up in 1917 and served as a Gunner in the Royal Artillery in India and Mesopotamia, and was released in October 1919.

Frank Mantle (Mantell in the 1911 census) – lived at 4 Ship Lane and served with the Rifle Brigade, as a Private, No. S/31674

Harry Acton – lived in Ship Lane and served with the 9th Royal Sussex Regiment,  as a Private, No. 19375

Arthur Wright – Killed in Action

J. Lane

Ronald Barlow

Tom Relph – lived at East Hill, South Darenth, and enlisted on 27 December 1917, just after his 18th birthday.  Tom was a ‘fitter and turner apprentice’ before the war, and joined the Royal Flying Corp to be an Air Mechanic.

Nelson Yeatman – Nelson lived at Victoria House, Hawley, and enlisted on 12 February 1918, and served with the Royal Air Force, before he had enlisted he had been working as an Engineer.

During the absence of Scoutmaster Kadwill, the troop ‘carried on’ under Acting Scoutmaster Thompson.

The article notes that as Sutton at Hone was the oldest troop in the district, they had become the Senior Troop of the new Dartford District, which had been formed in 1918, from the old Central North Kent district (which had included Gravesend, Sidcup, Erith, Bexleyheath).

1919 Christmas & Boxing Day Football Matches

Once the Great War had concluded, Sutton at Hone (known as Sutton Athletic) and Hawley Football clubs started up again, as local football leagues had been abandoned in 1914 “for the duration”.  Both Sutton Athletic and Hawley played in the Darenth Valley League, and Hawley also played in the Dartford & District League.

On Christmas Day morning in 1919 the local ‘big’ match was between Hawley and Sutton Athletic, with the teams playing at Hawley, where Hawley won 3 – 2.

hawley - football field

The Football Field in Hawley – with cattle grazing. This postcard shows Leigh Place (in the middle of the card) and Hawley Terrace (to the right), with Shirehall Road in the distance. Part of this field is now covered by the M25 embankments.

On Boxing Day the return match was played at Sutton, when Hawley lost to Sutton for the first time that season, the score being 2 – 0, and it is noted that the match was watched by some 1,000 spectators.  The first Sutton Athletic goal was scored by J. Foster after 15 minutes, and their next attempt was blocked by Hawley’s W. Chalcraft.  The second Sutton goal was again scored by J. Foster, before half time, and J. Foster had scored both Sutton goals during the Christmas Day match the day before.

However the Christmas Day match in Hawley ended with two court cases thanks to brawling in the Bull Hotel at Hawley after the match and both cases were caused by the same incident.

On Tuesday 30th December at Dartford Police Court, Harry Tidy, papermaker, living at Bank Houses, Hawley, was charged with afflicting grievous bodily harm on Alfred Couchman, licensee of the Bull Hotel in Hawley on Christmas Day.

After the Hawley v Sutton Athletic match on Christmas Day, a group of about 14 men entered the Bull Inn and called for three glasses of bitter each at about 2.40pm.  At 2.55pm, time was called as the pub was due to close at 3pm, and it was very full,  but the group tried to order another 14 glasses of bitter but were told that it was closing time and they were too late.

Mr Tidy first swept a tray with 14 glasses off the counter, breaking them all and damaging the piano with broken glass.  Mr Tidy (who was not known to Mr Couchman) then went after Mr Couchman, striking him in the chest with his fist, knocking him down, injuring his back, chest and arm.

After the assault “the party had to be got rid of by a sort of scramble” and Mr Tidy managed to smash several bottles of  wine and spirits before he was safely back on the ‘public’ side of the bar and removed from the premises.

Edward Langridge, a stoker, of 2 Leigh Place, Hawley, corroborated the account given by Mr Couchman.

PC Clayton stated that he had been contacted at 3.15pm and then went in search of the prisoner, whom he found the following day (Boxing Day) at the football ground in Sutton at Hone.  Mr Tidy, when asked if he  was present at the time of the assault , said “Yes, but I do not know what happened.  I am very sorry“.

As Mr Couchman thought his arm had been broken in this attack, he consulted Dr Renton, and had his arm x-rayed at the Livingstone Hospital.

The case was adjourned as Dr Renton was unavailable, and his opinion was required

On Thursday 1st January (it was not a public holiday), Dr Renton stated that Mr Couchman was suffering from shock and was knocked about when he examined him on Boxing Day.  After x-raying his arm it was clear it was not broken but it appeared to have been twisted and it would be a considerable time before he could lift weights with it.

Mr Tidy was committed for trial.

The following day, a second court case took place at the Dartford Petty Sessions,  where Frederick John Barnett (48) and Frederick William Barnett (20), father and son, pleaded not guilty to assaulting Ernest Couchman at Hawley on Christmas Day.

Ernest Couchman, the son of Alfred Couchman, had tried to clear the pub at closing time and he was hit by Frederick Barnett senior and Frederick Barnett Junior stripped and wanted to fight. During the struggle Ernest Couchman’s jacket and waistcoat were pulled off, he was much hurt and assistance had to be fetched to get rid of both the Barnetts.

Sydney Arthur Dimond, 4 St John’s Terrace, Sutton at Hone, said he saw both the Barnetts at the Bull on Christmas Day and Mr Barnett senior had struck Ernest Couchman in the back.  Edward Langridge, Frederick James Castle and Alfred Couchman corroborated.

The magistrates took a serious view of the case but as neither Barnett previous convictions, the were given the option of either a fine or going to prison. Frederick Barnett senior was fined £4 or a month and Frederick Barnett junior was fined £2 or 14 days.

Mr Tidy was back in court the following week where he pleaded guilty to common assault. It was stated that until this incident he had had an exemplary character, and had served in France and Gallipoli, and had been gassed.  Mr Tidy expressed regret to Mr Couchman for the injury he suffered as an indirect result of the blow.

The Bench decided, in light of his previous good character, to bound Tidy over for 6 months for the sum of £10.