Tag Archives: Hawley

1916 – Hawley’s disabled soldier – Frank Wynn Chapman

The Dartford Express – November 10th 1916

This article appeared in the Dartford Express on 10th November 1916, but unfortunately I have not yet managed to work out the identity of the soldier.  The Myrtles, which is now 2 semi detached houses, seems to have had a number of lodgers, as John Tingle, who is commemorated on the Sutton at Hone War Memorial and in the Farningham Homes for Little Boys Roll of Honour, also lived at the Myrtles.

Rood Ashton House was the family home of the Long family, near West Ashton, Wiltshire.  During the Great War it was a convalescent home for wounded soldiers and sailors.

The Myrtles today

Update:

Thanks to Malcolm Scott looking further back in the census records than I had done, the Chapman family has been found in the 1891 census, living at the Myrtles.

Charles and his (blind) wife Ellen, were living at The Myrtles with their son William, but they had two other sons, Charles (who died in 1900), and Frank Winn, our disabled soldier.

Frank Winn was born on 10th August 1874, and joined the Welsh Fusiliers in January 1890, and served 21 years with the regiment, serving in Crete, Malta, Egypt, China and India, and finally left in April 1911.

On 29th August 1914, Frank having been working as a messenger, re-enlisted on 29th August 1914 in London, and served briefly on the Western Front before being taken prisoner, and then repatriated back to England in a prisoner exchange. Frank was discharged from the army as being unfit for military service on 28th June 1915. His wounds were described as being a gun shot wound to his right leg, and his right arm and his left hand had been amputated. In December 1916 he was awarded a Silver War Badge.

His bride was Ellen Elizabeth Braithwaite, and they married in late 1916. After spending time in Wiltshire, the couple moved to Birkbeck Avenue, Ealing, and Frank died there in 1949.

The brother who was working at Eynsford Paper Mill, was William Michael, who had married Ellen Sarah Gibson at St John’s in 1899. The couple had a daughter, Violet Kathleen, who married in 1930 to Cecil Roberts, and the couple were living in the High Street, Dartford, where Cecil ran a hairdresser’s salon.

Remembering Dunkirk – 75 years later

The War Memorial lists three men who were lost during the evacuation of Dunkirk in May and June 1940

Douglas John Macpherson was born in Hawley,  joined the Royal Navy in 1926, and married in November 1934 at St John’s to Florence Amy Docksee, and the couple had two children. At the time of his death, Douglas’s family were living in Bexley.

Douglas was serving on HMS Boadicea, which had been in Chatham for a refit since the beginning of May 1940, and on the 9th June HMS Boadicea set sail for Le Havre, France to assist in the evacuation of British troops. On the 10th June, the warship was severely damaged by Junkers Ju 87 “Stuka” dive bombers that knocked out her engines and boilers. Douglas was an Engine Room Artificer 2nd Class, and so was probably killed during the raid.  He was buried at Alverstock Cemetery, Gosport.

HMS Boadicea

HMS Boadicea during WWII – Imperial War Museum

Richard Swaffer was serving as a Driver in the Royal Army Service Corps, and died during the retreat, his date of death is given as between 31st May and 1st June 1940.  He is buried in the De Panne Communal Cemetery in France.

Donald Eastburn Waterman was a 2nd Lieutenant in the 140 Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, having been a member of the Honorable Artillery Company before the war.  His father was Bertie Waterman, a well known Dartford Auctioneer, who lived in Wilmington (Donald is commemorated on the Wilmington War Memorial), and his mother helped raise funds for a Comfort Fund for troops in Wilmington. Donald was married, and he and his wife Chloe were living in Sutton at Hone in 1939.

Donald died between the 28th and the 31st of May and is buried in Dunkirk Town Cemetery. His death was not confirmed until October 1940.

Do you have a Kentish Toilet Cistern ?

1910 Alfred Clifford Kentish Water Syphon

This advert appeared a January 1910 edition of the Dartford Chronicle – and it seems there was a manufacturer of toilet cisterns in Hawley.

The testamonials shown on the advert name two local people, Mr Butters of Hawley Post Office, and James Birch of Sutton at Hone.  It would be interesting to know if anyone still has one of these cisterns lurking in an old outside toilet.

According to the 1911 Census, Alfred Clifford was living at Claremont House, Hawley Road, Dartford, and is shown as being a plumber, living with his father and a housekeeper, and was born in Dartford, his father James had been a baker.  At some point after the 1911 census, Alfred marries Alice Maud, and dies in 1947, still living at Claremont House, Hawley Road.

in a 1899 Directory, he is listed as Alfred Clifford, inventor, patentee and manufacturer of Clifford’s reliable eel, rat, vermin & animal traps; 2 prize medals awarded at Truro and Scarborough exhibitions, Hawley Road, Dartford and at Wilmington.

In a 1918 directory, he is listed as a Rat & Vermin Trap Manufacturer, Hawley Road, Wilmington.

 

1903 Ploughing Match at Darenth

1903 plough match ad 27-10-1903 SE gazette

On Thursday 5th November, 1903, the annual North Kent Agricultural Association Ploughing Match was held at Blackdale Farm, Darenth. The number of spectators was a record as many thousands of Kent and London people took advantage of the bright say and close proximity to Dartford to come and attend the Match. The farm’s well-drained soils were described as very suitable or the contest, as a day or so’s break from the incessant rain had proved sufficient to ‘render the ground in capital condition’.

There were 117 ploughs entered (slightly down on 1902’s 123 entries), and entries for other competitions were satisfactory, although the number of hard fruit entries was down, which was thought to be because of the adverse weather.

‘it is a stubborn fact that the old Kent wooden plough is foremost for excellent work on the heavy soils of the county. The wooden plough again triumphed in the competition for the best piece of work open to all kinds of plough.’

The notable feature was the general improvement in the ploughing, which is satisfactory as that is the aim of the Association. Although the entries were small, great interest was taken in the new class this year, eligible for farmers or farmers’ sons, and first honours were won by Mr E.J. Allen of Stone Hill, Wilmington.

Another great attraction was the motor ploughing, Mr Albone of Biggleswade was present with one of his Ivel motors and Messrs Drake & Fletcher (of Maidstone) had a rival appliance, both were motor vehicles trailing a plough…Speaking on the motor ploughing generally, the opinion with farmers was that the horse ploughing excelled; nevertheless, the motor would be economical, and there were other points in its favour, especially its adaptability to every kind of farm work, including heavy haulage, where power was required. The many uses of the motor, coupled with the fact that the cost is little more than a good team of horses, led one well-known farmer to remark “it has come to stay”. It is stated that for work petrol will only come to half the cost of fodder. In reaping and similar operations, it will be most effective.

Dan albone ivel tractor 1902

Source: Wikipedia Commons

 

The match had been organised by the committee, headed by Mr John Russell the veteran sportsman and father of the Association (of St John’s Sutton at Hone). The ploughing was completed by noon, and the prizes were presented by Mr. Algernon M. Fleet of Darenth, who had permitted the use of Blackdale Farm.

Ploughing categories
Champion turnrise ploughs
Ordinary turnrise ploughs
Champion iron balance ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs: 1st prize – R. Mitchell with Mr John Russell, Sutton at Hone
Ordinary iron balance ploughs or other iron one-way ploughs
Three horse abreast iron balance ploughs or other iron one-way ploughs (without drivers)
Champion iron ploughs: 1st prize – Arthur Turner, with Mr. V. Earle, Horton Kirby
Ordinary Iron Ploughs
Three horse abreast iron ploughs (without drivers)
Two horse iron ploughs (without drivers)

Special Classes
Silver Cup (value 5 guineas) offered by Messrs. Ransomes, Sim and Jeffries, Ltd, competed for by farmers, or farmers’ sons, with an iron balance or other iron one-way plough)
Special prize of 1 guinea each, offered by Mr. F.R. Stoneham for the best for the best piece of work with a turnrise plough
Special prize of 1 guinea each, offered by Mr. F.R. Stoneham for the best for the best piece of work with a iron plough
Special prizes of two English Silver watches awarded by Mr Stoneham, one each to the oldest and youngest ploughman who receives a prize.
Special prize of a silver watch offered by Mr John Russell (of St. John’s, Sutton at Hone) to the youngest ploughman who has competed for three consecutive years in the employ of the same master.
Special prize of a silver watch offered by Mr John Wood, Crockenhill, Swanley, to the ploughman longest in the employee of the same master.

Harnesses & Horses (one of the judges was Mr. Carl Hibbert, formerly with the R.H.A., and now proprietor of The Greyhound, Sutton at Hone)
Three horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)
Two horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)

Roots
Mangels, Long Red, upland grown: 1st prize – R. Brett, South Darenth
Mangel, Yellow Globe
Mangel – any other variety (marsh grown)
Turnips (market)
Beetroot
Parnips
Onions
Potatoes: 2nd prize – J. Langlands, Sutton-at-Hone
Brussels Sprouts
Savoy Cabbages
Veitch’s Autumn Giant Cauliflower
Coleworts (a form of cabbage)
Cabbages (cattle)
Market Cabbages: 1st prize – J. Langlands, Sutton-at-Hone
Kohl-rabi
Mangels (for Carter’s silver plate)
Swedes (for Carter’s silver plate)
Simes Mangel
Green Globe Turnip
Brussels
Messrs. R & H Strickland’s (Dartford) prizes for:
Brussels Sprouts grown with their Poudrette manure
Potatoes grown with their Poudrette manure
Cauliflowers grown with their Poudrette manure : 2nd prize – V. Earle, Horton Kirby
Market producer (prizes offered by Mr F.R. Stoneham, Erith
Sutton’s Mangels
Sutton’s Potatoes
Webb’s Swede
Webb’s Mangel
Wrench’s Mangel (Yellow Globe)
King of the Market Brussels Sprouts: 1st prize – V. Earle, Horton Kirby
Veitch’s Autumn Giant Cauliflower

veitch autumn gold cauliflower

Veitch’s Autumn Gold Cauliflower

Mangels, best dozen roots
Swede, best dozen roots
Potatoes, best twenty tubers
Best half-sieve Brussels Sprouts
Bets six heads Cauliflowers

Corn – classes for White Wheat, Red Wheat, Black Oats, Winter Oats
Malting Barley, Chevalier variety – 1st prize J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
White Oats (presented by Royal Artillery Draghunt, Woolwich) – 1st prize Cannon & Rogers, Horton Kirby

The annual dinner was held at 6.30pm that evening at the Bull Hotel, Dartford. The Chair was taken by Mr. A.M. Fleet, J.P. (of Darenth Grange), others present included Mr. John Russell (of Sutton at Hone), Sir William Hart-Dyke, M.P. (of Lullingstone Castle), Mr L.P. Kekewich (Chairman of the Association) and Capt Powerll, Master of the Royal Artillery Draghours, Woolwich.

In the speeches following the dinner, Sir William Hart-Dyke congratulated the members on the success of the meeting despite the recent difficulties of the weather, and referred to the apathy of town dwellers with regard to the position of agriculture.

Mr John Russell spoke of the great amount of work the arrangements of the Association entailed. He was glad to take the opportunity of thanking all their valued friends both sporting and non-sporting, including many members of the Stock Exchange for their great and constant liberality which had enabled them to give such handsome prizes to competitors.

1911 North Kent Ploughing Match at Dartford

 

1911 Ploughing Match annoucement

The advert for the event in the South Eastern Gazette on 31st October 1911

On Thursday 2nd November, 1911, the North Kent Agricultural Association Ploughing Match was held at Littlebrook Farm, Dartford, by kind permission of Mr Thomas Peerless.

There were 94 ploughs entered (compared with 87 in 1910) and they were all in the field by 7am, and at 8am they started their work of turning half an acre each, and the work had to be completed by 12pm.  All ploughmen and drivers competing in the competition were given a woollen Guernsey, which probably made a useful addition to the winter wardrobe.

All the classes saw an increase in entries from 1910. The Roots classes had 237 entries, 32 entries in Corn, 37 in Fruit and 37 in Hops. There were also twenty trade stands, including: Drake & Fletcher (Maidstone); H.S. Tett & Co Ltd (Sittingbourne & Faversham); Mr D. L. Pattulo (Orpington) showing potatoes; Day & Knight (Maidstone) showing animal medicines, and Molassine Co. (Greenwich).

1911 Molassine Company Greenwich ad

1911 advert for Molassine Meal

During the day there were Military Displays in a special enclosure by Non-Commissioned Officers of the Riding Establishment, Royal Horse Artillery, Woolwich, and there followed some horse jumping competitions which proved very popular.

The event itself was organised by a large Committee, the Hon. Secretary was Mr Charles Hind assisted by Mr. E. Ingman. The prizes were presented by Mrs Peerless.

The traditional dinner was cancelled out of respect to the memory of the late Mr John Russell. Mr Russell had died in August 1911 and had been Chairman of the Association for many years.

Ploughing categories
Champion Turnrise Ploughs
Ordinary Turnrise Ploughs
Champion Iron Balance Ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs
Ordinary Iron Balance Ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs
Three Horse Abreast Iron Balance Ploughs or other Iron One-way Ploughs (without drivers) – 1st J. Hopkins with Messrs Cannon & Rogers, Horton Kirby
Champion Iron Ploughs
Ordinary Iron Ploughs – 2nd prize Alf. A. Elliott with Mr J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Three Horse Abreast Iron Ploughs (without drivers) – 3rd prize E. Timms, with Messrs Cannon & Rogers, Horton Kirby
Two Horse Iron Ploughs (without drivers) – 1st prize J. Carcary, with Mr. J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone

Long Service Awards
An English silver watch was offered by Mr John Wood, Crockenhill, Swanley, to the ploughman over 35 years of age who had been the longest in the employee of the same master.
Winner – David Munns, aged 42, 23 years with Mr J. Brann, Chalk
An English silver watch was offered by Mr W. Foot Mitchell, J.P. to the ploughman under 35 years of age who had been the longest in the employee of the same master.
Winner – George Clements, with Mr W. J. H. McCall, Bexley Heath Asylum, 7 years, 9 months service.
An English silver watch presented by the London Sack & Basket Co. Ltd., Peckham, to the employee who has been in the service of the same master or on the same farm, without intermission.
Winner – Richard Simms, aged 75, with Mr. H. C. Stanles, Swanley – 66 years service.

Special Classes
For Farmers, farmers’ sons or farm pupils with an iron balance or other iron one-way plough
Silver Cup (value 5 guineas) offered by Mr A. M. Fleet, J.P. – won by Harry Redsell, Singlewell
2nd Prize (value 3 guineas) offered by Mr. Philip Champion – won by Thomas Greenless, Borden, Sittingbourne
Special prizes of £1 5s each awarded by Mr. F.R.Stoneham for the best piece of work with a turnrise plough, iron or wood, and for the best piece of wood done with an iron run round plough
W. T. Blake with Mr E J Allen, Wilmington, with an iron balance plough
T. Ager with Mr Peerless, with an iron run round plough
Special prizes of two English Silver watches awarded by Mrs Stoneham, one each to the oldest and youngest ploughman who receives a prize, and who must have been in the same employ not less than two years
Richard Atkins (aged 51, oldest) with Mr H. B. Hohler, Fawkham
Harry Hales (aged 22, youngest) with Mr J. H. Hales, Singlewell
Special prizes of 1 guinea each by Mr. R. Tickle, for the best “setting in”, “breaking out” and finsiing last furrow in both the run round and the one-way classes.
J. Davine, with Mr R. R. Berens, with a run-round plough
W. T. Blake with Mr E. J. Allen, Wilmington, with a one-way plough

Challenge Cups
A Silver Challenge Cup (value 5 guineas) presented to the Association by Mr W. Foot Mitchell, J.P., for the best piece of ploughing in the field
Winner – Thomas Ager with Mr. T. Peerless, Dartford
The John Russell Memorial Challenge Cup and added prize, presented to the Association by Mrs F.N. Kidd (daughter of the late Mr John Russell). The Employer received the Cup and the employee received 4 guineas.
Winner – Thomas Ager with Mr. T. Peerless, Dartford

Harnesses & Horses
Three horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)
Two horse team – best kept harness (cash prizes)
Best groomed horses (waggoners whips awarded by Mrs Stoneham) for three and two horse teams
Two horse team – J. Carcary, with Mr J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Shepherds – the shepherd having the management of an entire flock of over 100 ewes, who has reared the greatest number of lambs in proportion to the number of ewes put to ram, under his daily management and care – 2 guineas presented by the West Kent Hunt. Winner – J. Terry with Mr L. Terry, Wrotham

Straw Binding (prizes by Messrs Dann & Lucas, Dartford)

Jumping

Roots
Mangels, Long Red, upland grown: 1st prize – G. Woolgar, South Darenth
Mangel, Yellow Global
Mangel – any other variety: 3rd prize – G. Woolgar, South Darenth
Swedes
Turnips
Cattle Cabbage
Kohl rabi
Beetroot
Parsnips
Carrots
Onions: 1st prize – P. Palmer, Horton Kirby
Potatoes
Cabbage – Brussels Sprouts
Voitch’s Autumn Giant Cauliflower
Coleworts
Market Cabbage
Messrs. James Carter & Co.’s prizes: Mangel : P. Palmer, Horton Kirby; Swedes
Messrs. Joseph Fison & Co.’s (Ipswich) prizes for Fertilisers
Messrs. R & H Strickland’s (Dartford) prizes for: Brussels Sprouts grown with their Poudrette manure; Potatoes grown with their Poudrette manure; Cauliflowers grown with their Poudrette manure – 1st prize (1 guinea) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Messrs. Sutton & Sons prizes: Mangels; Swedes
Messrs. E. Webb & Sons prizes: Swedes; Mangels

pattullo potato ad feb 1911

From February 1911, and it seems Mr Pattullo had moved by November

Mr David L. Pattullo, Potato Merchant & Grower, Orpington presented a prize:
For the best grown 20 specimen tubers of potatoes from seed supplied by him direct from Scotland during seasons, viz 1909-10, 1910-11 – Mr Boorman, Woking
Special 1 guinea prize for the best 12 roots of any variety of mangels
Special 1 guinea prize for the best 12 roots of any variety of swedes
Special 1 guinea prize for the best half-sieve of Brussels Sprouts
Special 1 guinea prize for the six heads of cauliflower

Corn – classes for White Wheat, Red Wheat, Malting Barley, Any Other Variety, White Oats, Black Oats, Winter Oats

Fruit
Market Growers – six trays of Culinary Apples (distinct varieties), Six trays of desert apples (distinct), Six trays of pears (distinct)
The best and heaviest collection of 12 culinary apples of one variety – 1st prize (1 guinea) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Twelve desert apples of one variety – 1st prize (1 guinea) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Best collection of apples not exceeding 12 varieties – 1st prize (2 guineas) J. Langlands, Sutton at Hone
Best collection of outdoor and indoor fruit, not exceeding 12 varieties

Hops
Silver Cup (value 5 guineas) presented by Mr. E. Allen
Silver Cup (value 3 guineas) presented by Lord Tredegar
The hop dryer whose master produced the best managed sample of hops of his drying

Please note that generally only Sutton at Hone, Hawley, South Darenth and Horton Kirby prize winners have been listed.

1919 Christmas & Boxing Day Football Matches

Once the Great War had concluded, Sutton at Hone (known as Sutton Athletic) and Hawley Football clubs started up again, as local football leagues had been abandoned in 1914 “for the duration”.  Both Sutton Athletic and Hawley played in the Darenth Valley League, and Hawley also played in the Dartford & District League.

On Christmas Day morning in 1919 the local ‘big’ match was between Hawley and Sutton Athletic, with the teams playing at Hawley, where Hawley won 3 – 2.

hawley - football field

The Football Field in Hawley – with cattle grazing. This postcard shows Leigh Place (in the middle of the card) and Hawley Terrace (to the right), with Shirehall Road in the distance. Part of this field is now covered by the M25 embankments.

On Boxing Day the return match was played at Sutton, when Hawley lost to Sutton for the first time that season, the score being 2 – 0, and it is noted that the match was watched by some 1,000 spectators.  The first Sutton Athletic goal was scored by J. Foster after 15 minutes, and their next attempt was blocked by Hawley’s W. Chalcraft.  The second Sutton goal was again scored by J. Foster, before half time, and J. Foster had scored both Sutton goals during the Christmas Day match the day before.

However the Christmas Day match in Hawley ended with two court cases thanks to brawling in the Bull Hotel at Hawley after the match and both cases were caused by the same incident.

On Tuesday 30th December at Dartford Police Court, Harry Tidy, papermaker, living at Bank Houses, Hawley, was charged with afflicting grievous bodily harm on Alfred Couchman, licensee of the Bull Hotel in Hawley on Christmas Day.

After the Hawley v Sutton Athletic match on Christmas Day, a group of about 14 men entered the Bull Inn and called for three glasses of bitter each at about 2.40pm.  At 2.55pm, time was called as the pub was due to close at 3pm, and it was very full,  but the group tried to order another 14 glasses of bitter but were told that it was closing time and they were too late.

Mr Tidy first swept a tray with 14 glasses off the counter, breaking them all and damaging the piano with broken glass.  Mr Tidy (who was not known to Mr Couchman) then went after Mr Couchman, striking him in the chest with his fist, knocking him down, injuring his back, chest and arm.

After the assault “the party had to be got rid of by a sort of scramble” and Mr Tidy managed to smash several bottles of  wine and spirits before he was safely back on the ‘public’ side of the bar and removed from the premises.

Edward Langridge, a stoker, of 2 Leigh Place, Hawley, corroborated the account given by Mr Couchman.

PC Clayton stated that he had been contacted at 3.15pm and then went in search of the prisoner, whom he found the following day (Boxing Day) at the football ground in Sutton at Hone.  Mr Tidy, when asked if he  was present at the time of the assault , said “Yes, but I do not know what happened.  I am very sorry“.

As Mr Couchman thought his arm had been broken in this attack, he consulted Dr Renton, and had his arm x-rayed at the Livingstone Hospital.

The case was adjourned as Dr Renton was unavailable, and his opinion was required

On Thursday 1st January (it was not a public holiday), Dr Renton stated that Mr Couchman was suffering from shock and was knocked about when he examined him on Boxing Day.  After x-raying his arm it was clear it was not broken but it appeared to have been twisted and it would be a considerable time before he could lift weights with it.

Mr Tidy was committed for trial.

The following day, a second court case took place at the Dartford Petty Sessions,  where Frederick John Barnett (48) and Frederick William Barnett (20), father and son, pleaded not guilty to assaulting Ernest Couchman at Hawley on Christmas Day.

Ernest Couchman, the son of Alfred Couchman, had tried to clear the pub at closing time and he was hit by Frederick Barnett senior and Frederick Barnett Junior stripped and wanted to fight. During the struggle Ernest Couchman’s jacket and waistcoat were pulled off, he was much hurt and assistance had to be fetched to get rid of both the Barnetts.

Sydney Arthur Dimond, 4 St John’s Terrace, Sutton at Hone, said he saw both the Barnetts at the Bull on Christmas Day and Mr Barnett senior had struck Ernest Couchman in the back.  Edward Langridge, Frederick James Castle and Alfred Couchman corroborated.

The magistrates took a serious view of the case but as neither Barnett previous convictions, the were given the option of either a fine or going to prison. Frederick Barnett senior was fined £4 or a month and Frederick Barnett junior was fined £2 or 14 days.

Mr Tidy was back in court the following week where he pleaded guilty to common assault. It was stated that until this incident he had had an exemplary character, and had served in France and Gallipoli, and had been gassed.  Mr Tidy expressed regret to Mr Couchman for the injury he suffered as an indirect result of the blow.

The Bench decided, in light of his previous good character, to bound Tidy over for 6 months for the sum of £10.

 

Welcome to this local history blog

Whilst researching for the new publication ‘Never Such Innocence’ – Sutton at Hone and Hawley during the Great War, there were a number of items that could not be included in the book because of space constraints.

The intention is to publish these “extras” as well as any other local history snippets about the villages of Sutton at Hone and Hawley along with related photos and images.

Sutton at Hone parish church

St John the Baptist Church at Sutton-at-Hone

 

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